December 06, 2013

The 'Call Cops' Theory


Trigger Warning esp. for abuse, issues with the provision of healthcare.

(Unproofed, unedited)
Incidentally, the use of the word 'victim' is deliberate.

As I write this, my house is a mess. That bothers me a lot — I can’t stand messes although there are times I have to live with them. I haven’t been able to bathe for a few days now; the process seems too daunting. My stomach hurts courtesy bad food choices I’ve had to make. I’m more tired than words can describe and I’m in too much pain to be able to sleep. It’s 3:50 a.m. but I’d rather not take a painkiller for fear of developing tolerance.

Luckily, work, for me, only involves being able to get a laptop on to myself so that I can type or speak — I have good voice recognition software — and keep an eye on the screen while I do so. Unluckily, voice recognition software doesn’t do the dishes. Or enable me to walk without pain. Or keep my life from being limited by such things as an inability to drive.

What most bothers me (apart from having to deal with this) is that none of it is an accident, and certainly not congenital. It started with assault and ended with an inability to access immediate healthcare, not because of the unavailability of healthcare but because a hospital didn’t want to provide healthcare unless I agreed to involve the police. (And their desire for police involvement, incidentally, had nothing to do with my interests or the desire to address crime against women in general; it had everything to do with ensuring they weren’t left ‘without a leg to stand on’ if I died.)

I wasn’t amenable to having the police involved, the hospital wouldn’t admit me without, and although some of their docs, by God’s grace, had the compassion to ensure I had some form of emergency treatment, it was all off the books.

And that’s what gets to me about the enthusiasm to involve the police in instances of abuse regardless of the victim’s consent. The theory of its being an offence against the state and that the state must necessarily must take action has the potential to have horrifying real world consequences for victims, not least because state support for victims is non-existent for all practical purposes. Not to mention that the theory, in the wrong hands, could unarguably become a tool of abuse itself as I believe it did in my case, with my willingness to involve the police becoming linked to the hospital’s willingness to provide healthcare.

Even where the practical application of the theory is not overtly abusive, and it is employed with the best of intentions, I believe that it is still usually abusive in itself. The essence of abuse, as I understand it, is to diminish the voice of another, and to my mind, although the employment of different types of abuse can produce drastically different sets of consequences, the bottom line is that emotional manipulation, rape, assault, or (as in this case) simply ignoring what the other person has to say all achieve the same end: diminishing another person’s voice.

There are times where it is essential (or acceptable) to ignore another person’s voice. Possibly, when they refuse healthcare (although it’s worth noting that DNR requests are generally honoured). Facetiously, when keeping a five-year-old from having a litre of ice cream. And questions of respecting an individual’s agency are particularly difficult to contend with when it comes to abuse. Too much respect for it could easily become the facilitation of the original abuse (especially where the abuse is ongoing), too little could become the appropriation of another person’s agency, a form of abuse in itself.

And, no. Regardless of state responsibility to address crime, there is no basis for saying or assuming or implying that the state has the right to possibly endanger persons who have been abused by taking unilateral action on their behalf, especially where it fails to provide support and safety for those victims of abuse whom it may co-opt into its plans to fight crime. Taking unilateral action where that action has the possibility of negative consequences for a victim whether it be the loss of a home or societal ostracism or something else along those lines is unacceptable, and these are often potential negative consequences which women have to deal with.

In addition to which, the legal process is quite simply painful to navigate. That it may be possible to (successfully) conduct a case without the participation of a victim is a possibility that is largely theoretical if the victim is alive. And if alive, there is almost no possibility, if in fact there is any at all, that a case will not impact the victim’s life — should it fail, there is a good chance that she will be branded a liar in the public eye, which of course will have its own set of consequences. And whether or not it fails, the likelihood of the process causing some form of retraumatisation is reasonably high.

It isn’t clear to me how, given the risks for victims, it is possible to argue that the state must take action in all cases even where the victim does not consent. It is even less clear to me how it is possible to argue that victims should be made to file police complaints; surely, there is nothing which legitimises forcing (or attempting to force) victims to do anything.

And, bearing in mind that none of us make any choice in a vacuum, while it is entirely possible that a victim’s choice may be influenced by persons pressurising her not to involve the police, it would seem indefensible to make oneself into an additional source of abuse by pressurising the victim to involve the police. If there are persons pressuring a victim to do anything, and one is aware of them, it would seem that the most sensible thing to do would be to act against those persons as opposed to acting against the victim.

If the state has a responsibility to initiate legal action against perpetrators of abuse in all cases, it also has a duty (along with society) to protect victims of abuse. Both society and state have failed in that duty — particularly society, to my mind, with its often seemingly endless vilification of women who have been abused, and its deep-rooted misogyny and patriarchy of which the ‘protection’ of (some) women (deemed good) is only an extension. (When was the last time you heard a clarion call to file cases on behalf of abused women who act in socially unacceptable ways; teenagers who are raped on dates, prostitutes who are raped by supposed clients, just for example?)

The discourse of ‘protection’ is quite different from a discourse of ‘rights’. ‘Protection’ is liable to subvert women’s agency and autonomy; it invariably assumes perpetrators of abuse from whom women must be protected and requires someone stronger than such perpetrators (i.e. the state) to act in the best interests of women, assuming a conservative paternal role itself and often circumscribing the freedom of women in the process. Unlike a rights discourse, it does not focus on women’s right not to be abused in the first place, and neither does it necessarily support women in their choice of how to deal with abuse should it occur.

And, unsurprisingly, the possibility of having no option but to involve the police can lead women not to report abuse at all to anyone, including friends and doctors, possibly depriving them of both psychological and medical support. Legal redress, in such circumstances, of course, becomes irrelevant.

If the aim is to fight violence against women as a whole (as opposed to controlling abused women), it would appear to make more sense to beef up state mechanisms both to address abuse and to support those who have been abused than to force victims to involve the cops. It is inconceivable to me that there exist vast numbers of abused women who actively would not want their abusers to be made accountable if the abusers could be held accountable without negative consequences for the women themselves. And there appear to be no grounds whatsoever to believe that if systems were better, more victims would not choose to use legal means to counter abuse they have faced.

Also see: Countering Abuse by Filing Cases

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